How to Cultivate Hydroponic Plants Easily, as well as Their Advantages and Disadvantages

Hydroponic plants are increasingly in demand by urban people who do not have much land. Hydroponic plants are also referred to as plants that are grown by utilizing water media, but there are also those that use soil media. However, although many already know how to grow hydroponic plants, but there are still many who have difficulty in applying them. Actually, hydroponic plants can be practiced with tools and also fairly simple materials without having to use a difficult system. However, we must admit that not all hydroponic plants are easy to practice, in addition to many types, the treatment is also fairly not cheap and must also be intense. There are easy ways to cultivate hydroponic plants that you can apply, including:

  1. Hydroponic plants using the wick system

How to grow crops on hydroponic plants with this system is very simple suitable for those of you who are still beginners. Examples of plants that are suitable for using this system are kale, spinach, mustard greens, and some types of vegetables that are small and do not require much water. Hydroponic plants with this wick system need to pay attention to nutrient solutions that must always be replaced like other plants that need watering. The first step in cultivating hydroponic plants  in a simple way using the wick system is to prepare the tools and materials to be used. Here are some tools and materials that you can prepare in advance, namely as follows:

  1. Tools and materials:
  • Seeds of hydroponic plants that you are going to plant,
  • Tools used for hollowing out, such as nails or soldering,
  • Nutrient water or nutrient solution
  • Flannel or stove wick
  • Tools used for cutting, such as scissors or cutters
  • 1 bottle of mineral water that has been used but can still be used.
  1. How to make a hydroponic plant with a wick system:
  • Cutting the prepared water bottle into two parts.
  • Then, hole the water bottle cap by turning the cap of the bottle directed down.
  • Attach the flannel or stove wick to the hole of the bottle cap that was prepared earlier, make sure the wick can drain the nutrient water solution so that it is absorbed perfectly.
  • Carry out planting on the seedlings of hydroponic plants at the top of the bottle by adding soil to taste.
  • Fill the bottom of the water bottle with a nutrient water solution.
  • Make sure the planted seedlings are spaced more with the base of the bottle, so that they can get full nutrition.
  1. Hydroponic plants using the NFT system

Furthermore, grow crops using the NFT system on hydroponic plants. This system utilizes water media and also regulates air circulation, as well as providing optimal nutrition. Plants that are suitable to use the NFT system on this hydroponic plant are kale and spinach, and many more. How to apply this NFT system for hydroponic plants, you can do by:

  1. How to make it:
  • Use multiple gutters or pipes and also pumps.
  • Then, hole the pipe adjusted to the length and distance on the same hole.
  • Prepare pipes or gutters that have been prepared to be used as a place to grow crops on hydroponic plants.
  • Prepare a reservoir on the much lower end of the pipe.
  • Next, install a pump that functions to drain nutrient water so that the flow runs optimally.
  • The concept of planting in this NFT system is that plants grow in the nutrient layer that is not too deep, to maintain air circulation so that your plants still get oxygen, nutrients, and also water adequacy.
  1. Hydroponic plants using an axis system

Furthermore, you can use the axis system on hydroponic plants, here’s how to grow hydroponics using an axis system, including:

  1. Prepared tools and materials:
  • Using hydroponic fertilizers, both liquid and dry
  • Buckets or basins used as water reservoirs
  • Trays for plants
  • Hydroponic plant seeds
  • Planting media containing hydroponic plant saplings
  • Nylon or cotton strap
  1. How to grow it:
  • The first step, make a water storage container by filling a basin or bucket with water and also nutrients. A basin or bucket is placed under a tray of plants to hold the planting medium and plants.
  • Connect 1 or 2 axes with a tray of plants by hollowing them out first. That way, the axis will absorb water in the container used.
  • The prepared planting medium is then placed in a basin or bucket.
  • If the sunlight is insufficient, use lamps for the solution.
  1. How to make a solution of nutrient water on hydroponic plants simply

Hydroponic plants are indeed in dire need of water every day, that way, you can use other systems, such as providing AB MIX nutrients that you can find in many places. For its manufacture, here are the ways you can follow, namely:

  • Prepare 1 liter of water
  • Using A5 ml solution
  • Using B5 ml solution
  • Combine the three ingredients together, then mix well until perfectly mixed. The nutrient aqueous solution you need is available.
  1. The advantages of using how to grow hydroponics

There are several advantages or advantages in farming using hydroponic media, namely:

  1. Much simpler and more practical treatment, and interference with pests will be much more controlled.
  2. Whenever there is a dead hydroponic plant, it will be easy to replace the new plant.
  3. Hydroponic plants can grow very quickly with a good state and not be damaged..
  4. Can be used on limited land
  5. The quality of hydroponic plants is much healthier, because it does not use other chemical fertilizers or pesticides.
  6. Crop yields are much more continuous and higher comparable to planting using soil media.
  7. Protected by rainwater, without having to worry about the weather.
  1. Disadvantages of using how to grow hydroponics

  1. We all know that hydroponic systems cost a lot of money, just like nft systems, you need to prepare early.
  2. It requires thoroughness in the arrangement of hydroponic plants as well as in the manufacture of nutrient water.
  3. If you use the wrong system will cause the whole plant to die.
  4. Regularly check the state of the plant, make sure that there is no shortage of nutrient water and replace it periodically on the use of the wick system.
  1. Cultivation tips on hydroponic plants

Some tips for cultivating hydroponic plants that you can follow, including:

  1. Ensure that the plants you plant are exposed to adequate sun exposure, so as not to wilt quickly due to lack of photosynthesis.
  2. In the bottle planting system in the house, you can put the plant near a window that can penetrate the light or you can also use a lamp for photosynthesis.
  3. Provide additional nutrients by using a spray of liquid organic fertilizer on the leaves and stems, so that the needs of nutritional intake are balanced.
  4. If your hydroponic plant is already large and does not fit, immediately transfer it to a large bottle or pot. Remove without damaging the roots of such hydroponic plants.

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